BTJ 3/15 - Focus: Transport & life
Publication date: 2015-07-20
The recent changes in fuel sulphur regulations are motivated both by environmental protection and public health aspects.
Recently, an international consortium of researchers investigated health-related effects of ship emission aerosols, coming to unexpected results.
Airborne particulate matter (PM) from fossil fuel combustion is known to induce short-term health effects (e.g. cardiovascular diseases or asthma) as well as long-term ones, most notably cancer. The contribution of ship emissions to air pollution can exceed 50% in rivers, ports and heavily travelled coastal areas. By epidemiological studies, up to 60,000 annual deaths from lung and cardiovascular disease are attributed to PM from ship engines which are known to differ greatly from car or truck diesel emissions.
A toxic turn? Health effects of shipping emissions, by Dr Johannes Passig, Dr Thorsten Streibel and Prof. Ralf Zimmermann, University of Rostock
The 3/2015 issue of Baltic Transport Journal in the Focus section features also:
- Not only infrastructure. The impact of potential TEN-T breakdown on labour, by Léa Peeters:
Most recently, the European Commission has unveiled a record EUR 13.1 bln investment plan in 276 transport projects selected under the Connecting Europe Facility funding. As EU Transport Commissioner Violeta Bulc stated in Riga during this year's TEN-T Days, the implementation of the Trans-European Transport Network could generate up to 10 million jobs. On the contrary - in the worst case scenario - what labour loses could we face if the new TEN-T core network didn't become more than just a colourful map?
- Industry on pre-alert. Germany's maritime future, by Clemens Finkbeiner-Dege:
The German maritime industry can refer to its gems with pride: shipbuilding and especially the marine equipment industry specialized in high-technology products with a still strong position in global competition, constant innovation in marine engineering, leading international shipping companies, powerful port management and logistics as well as renowned maritime research and vocational institutions. However, the performance of the maritime economy between the Oder and the Rhine is critically dependent on highly educated manpower and the maritime know-how of its employees. And here an acute need for action can be seen.
- Help on time. DocStops enter Poland, by Grzegorz Haładus, Truckers Life Foundation's Managing Director:
Driving a lorry isn't only sunshine and rainbows. As highlighted in BTJ's 1/2015 piece The fit evolution. Aiding truckers' lives, truck drivers face severe health risks, and sadly, many of them die in the line of duty, with no medical help provided in time. That's why the Truckers Life Foundation is introducing the DocStop solution across Poland, already well-known throughout Europe.
- A wider perspective needed. Animal treatment in transport, by Aleksandra Plis:
In the modern world the cheap industry-led consumption has blocked-out the lot of animals, including transport conditions. In opposition to this, the International Road Transport Union (IRU) has launched a project meant to improve animal well-being during transportation.